What defines a Criminal Record in Idaho?
A criminal record is defined as an official document that records a person’s criminal history. The information is assembled and updated from local, county and state jurisdictions, trial courts, courts of appeals as well as county and state correctional facilities.
While the standard for criminal record collection and storage varies from county to county, a large percentage of Idaho criminal records are organized in online record depositories that are available to the public in the form of a Criminal Background Report. This report is accessed through a number of courts, police departments, and the official Idaho State Records Online Database.
The amount of criminal records information presented on StateRecords.org varies from individual to individual. This is because different sources often have non-standardized state level protocols, storage classifications, requirements, organization and digitization processes used in collecting information. Criminal records in the state of Idaho generally include the following subjects:
Idaho Arrest Records
An arrest record is an official document providing information about a person questioned, apprehended, taken into custody, or placed in detention. It also includes information about a person who is held for investigation and/or charged with, indicted or tried for any felony, misdemeanor or other offense by any law enforcement or military authority. Idaho Laws
permit an arrest for a crime with or without a warrant if the offense is committed in an officer's presence or within such officer's immediate knowledge.
Idaho Arrest Warrants
An arrest warrant is an official document that is issued by a judge or magistrate on behalf of the local and state jurisdictions. It authorizes a police officer to arrest or detain the person or people named in the warrant or to search and seize the individual’s property. In Idaho, the police can arrest a person for committing a crime without an arrest warrant
A misdemeanor is a non-indictable offense and is generally less severe than felonies. However, like felonies, a misdemeanor charge is based on a number-based system designed to describe the severity of the alleged crime. In Idaho, lawmakers choose crimes that are misdemeanors and fix sentences on a crime-by-crime basis. If no specific punishment is indicated in a statute, misdemeanors in Idaho
are punishable by up to six months in jail, or a fine of up to $1,000, or both.
A felony offense is a criminal conviction with a maximum sentence of more than 1 year. It is served in a county jail or state prison. In some cases, a felony conviction can even be punished by death. The laws in the state of Idaho no longer choose crimes by class (such as “class A felony” or “level 1 felony”). Instead, Idaho designates crimes as misdemeanors or felonies and fixes sentences on a crime-by-crime basis
. The most serious crimes are punishable by the death penalty or life imprisonment. For example, rape is punishable by up to life in prison.
Idaho Sex Offender Listing
A sex offender listing is a registry of persons convicted of committing a sex crime that is often accessible by the public. In most cases, jurisdictions compile their laws into sections, such as traffic, assault and sexual. Judges are given discretion as to whether they need registration for crimes besides the charges listed under the sex offender registration act
. A judge may order an adult to register as a sex offender if the crime they were convicted of involves sexual motivation.
Idaho Serious Traffic Violation
A serious traffic violation
tends to involve willful disregard for public safety, death, serious bodily injury, damage to property and multiple minor traffic violations. In Idaho, what you'll pay for your traffic ticket depends on the type of ticket you received: traffic infractions and misdemeanors.
Idaho Conviction Records
A conviction record is an official document providing information that a person was found guilty, pleaded guilty or pleaded no contest against criminal charges in a civilian or military court. These criminal charges may be classified as a felony, misdemeanor or other offense. Conviction includes a person judged as a delinquent or has been less than honorably discharged or placed on probation, fined, imprisoned or paroled. A criminal conviction is rendered by either a jury of peers or a judge in a court of law. A conviction does not include a final judgment relieved by a pardon, set aside, reversed or otherwise rendered inoperative.
Idaho Jail and Inmate Records
Jail and inmate records are official documents of information about a person’s current and sometimes past inmate status. A person who is in jail or considered an inmate is someone who has been deprived of his/her civil liberties while on trial for a crime or while serving after being convicted of a crime. The Idaho Department of Corrections
maintains an inmate database that often includes information like the inmate’s name, incarceration date, expected release date, convicted offense and sometimes photos.
Idaho Serious Traffic Violation
Parole records are an official document that includes information about the release of a prisoner who agreed to certain conditions before completion of their maximum sentence. While the prisoner is on supervised parole, the board shall require, as a condition of parole, that they pay a monthly supervision fee of not less than $30, unless the board agrees to accept a lower fee after determining inability of the prisoner to pay. The board may also impose any conditions of parole it deems to make sure the best interests of the prisoner and the citizens of Idaho are served.
Idaho Probation Records
Probation records are official documents that show when a person receives probation as an alternative to prison. Probation allows people convicted of a crime in Idaho to serve their sentences out of custody, as long as they follow probation conditions imposed by the judge and probation officer. It is typically issued in proportion to the crime, so the length and nature of probation will differ (sometimes drastically) from case to case. Probation typically falls into three categories: minimally supervised, supervised and intensive. Intensive probation is a form of very strict probation that emphasizes punishment and control of the offender within the community.
Idaho Juvenile Criminal Records
A juvenile criminal record is an official record of information about criminal activity committed by children or adolescents who are not yet of legal adult age. Juveniles are not considered convicted of a crime like an adult but instead are found “adjudicated delinquent.” These criminal records are often mistakenly believed to be erased or expunged once a person becomes of legal adult age, but in fact, the record remains unless the person petitions to have it expunged. If a person was found adjudicated delinquent to a criminal offense, they do not have to respond “yes” if asked whether they have ever been convicted of a crime, unless the question specifically asks if they were ever adjudicated delinquent as well.
Idaho History and Accuracy of Criminal Records
The accuracy of criminal records data depends on the recordkeeping and technological capabilities of the jurisdiction where the record was assembled and later digitized. Idaho criminal records archives usually tend to go back as far as the 1970s—which marked the earliest efforts to centralize and compile criminal and arrest data into an organized database much like we use today. Accuracy was more commonly affected by the human error in the past. However, in the 1990s, the quality and accuracy of record keeping improved exponentially due to computers. As a result, the information provided on StateRecords.org will vary from person to person.
Idaho Megan’s Law
Megan's Law is the term for state laws that create and keep up a sex offender registry, which provides information on registered sex offenders to the public. The first Megan's Law appeared after the rape and murder of 7-year-old New Jersey resident Megan Kanka by a sex offender who lived in the girl's own neighborhood. Soon after passage of this first Megan's Law, the federal government requires all states to set up sex offender registries and offer the public with information about those registered.
Idaho requires the registration of adult sex offenders
convicted, incarcerated, on probation/parole on or after statute’s effective date July 1, 1993. Registration is also mandated for juveniles charged as juveniles, convicted, incarcerated, or on probation/parole on or after July 1, 1998.